China Tourism Statistical Bulletin 2005
In 2005, China’s tourism industry maintained relatively rapid development, and the growth of inbound tourism and domestic tourism returned to the levels before the SARS outbreak in 2003. In 2005, China received 120.2923 million inbound tourists and revenue from international tourism totaled USD29.296 billion, an increase of 10.3% and 13.8% year on year. The number of domestic tourists reached 1.212 billion, bringing in RMB528.6 billion, up 10.0% and 12.2% respectively. The number of Chinese outbound tourists grew 7.5% to 31.0263 million. The tourism industry posted total revenue of RMB768.6 billion, up 12.4% year on year, accounting for 4.2% of China’s GDP.
I. Inbound Tourism
In 2005, China’s inbound tourism market showed robust momentum, achieving double-digit growth in main indicators.
——The number of inbound tourists rose to 120.2923 million, up 10.3% year on year. Among them, there were 202.551 million foreign visitors, up 19.6%; 70.1938 million visitors from Hong Kong, up 5.5%; 25.7341 million from Macau, up 17.6%; and 4.1092 million from Taiwan, up 11.5%.
——The number of inbound overnight tourists increased 12.1% to 46.809 million. Among them, there were 16.4191 million foreign tourists, up 20.2% year on year; 26.808 million visitors from Hong Kong and Macau, up 7.7%; and 3.5819 million from Taiwan, up 11.5%.
——Revenue from international tourism reached USD29.296 billion, up 13.8% year on year.
II. Domestic Tourism
In 2005, domestic tourism maintained rapid development. Both the number of domestic visitors and revenue from domestic tourism achieved double-digit growth.
——The number of domestic tourists increased 10.0% to 1.212 billion, including 496 million urban residents and 716 million rural residents.
——Revenue from domestic tourism reached RMB528.586 billion, up 12.2% year on year, of which urban residents spent RMB365.613 billion and rural residents RMB162.973 billion.
——Per capita expenses of domestic tourists were RMB436.1, up 2.0% year on year, of which urban residents spent RMB737.1 per person and rural residents RMB227.6.
——A total of 302 million domestic visits were made during the Spring Festival holiday and National Holiday, bringing in revenue of RMB124.3 billion.
III. Sources of Inbound Tourists
1. Foreign markets
In 2005, the inbound tourism market achieved comparatively fast growth. All continents saw double-digit growth in tourists to China. The number of inbound foreign tourists to China totaled 20.2551 million, up 19.6% year on year.
——Situations varied for different countries of Asia, and South Korea for the first time became the largest source of inbound tourists to China. Tourists from Asia grew 16.5% year on year, accounting for 61.7% of the total inbound foreign visitors to China, despite a decrease of 1.7 percentage points in market share. Specifically, tourists from South Korea, Thailand, Malaysia and Sri Lanka surged more than 20%; those from North Korea, Mongolia, the Philippines, Singapore, India and Kazakhstan increased more than 10%; and the growth rate of tourists from Japan slowed down to 1.7%. South Korea overtook Japan to become the largest source of inbound tourists to China for the first time.
——The intercontinental tourism market stayed robust, with an year-on-year increase in market share. The number of inbound tourists from Europe, America, Oceania and Africa surged 26.7%, 19.9%, 26.9% and 37.3% respectively. The growth rates of tourists from major sources were close to or exceeded 20%, of which the United Kindom saw an increase of 19.5%, Germany 24.5%, France 32.3%, Russia 24.1%, the United States 18.9%, Canada 23.5% and Australia 28.3%.
——The length of stay of foreign overnight visitors increased slightly and per capita expenses saw a small decline. In 2005, foreign overnight tourists stayed 6.5 days in China on average, 0.2 day longer than last year’s; they spent USD167.33 per person per day, a year-on-year decrease of USD3.73, or 2.18%. The number of inbound tourists from 16 major sources and the growth rates in 2005 are as follows.
2. Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan
In 2005, the number of inbound tourists from Macau and Taiwan increased more than 10% year on year, and Hong Kong also saw a steady growth.
——The number of inbound tourists from Hong Kong increased 5.5% to 70.1938 million. Among them, 22.5943 million tourists, or 32.2%, stayed overnight, up 5.9%; and 47.5995 million, or 67.8%, stayed one day, up 5.3%.
——The number of inbound tourists from Macau was 25.7341 million, up 17.6% year on year. Among them, 4.2137 million tourists, or 16.4%, stayed overnight, up 18.3%; and 21.5205 million visitors, or 83.6%, stayed one day, up 17.5%.
——The number of inbound tourists from Taiwan reached 4.1092 million, up 11.5% year on year.
IV. Inbound Tourist Arrivals and Revenue by Provincial Region
——In 2005, China’s provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government received a total of 53.258 million inbound tourists, a year-on-year increase of 21.2%. 23 of them received more than 400,000 inbound tourists each, including Guangdong, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Beijing, Zhejiang, Fujian, Shandong, Yunnan, Guangxi, Liaoning, Sichuan, Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Hubei, Heilongjiang, Tianjin, Hunan, Anhui, Hebei, Henan, Chongqing, Hainan and Shanxi.
——In 2005, China’s provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government received a total of 30.0991 million inbound foreign tourists, up 23.3% year on year. 22 of them received more than 300,000 inbound foreign tourists, including Guangdong, Shanghai, Beijing, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shandong, Liaoning, Inner Yunnan, Mongolia, Guangxi, Heilongjiang, Shaanxi, Fujian, Sichuan, Tianjin, Hubei, Hunan, Hebei, Chongqing, Anhui, Henan and Jilin.
——27 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government, six more than that of the previous year, posted revenue from international tourism of more than USD100 million. They were: Guangdong, Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Shandong, Liaoning, Yunnan, Tianjin, Shaanxi, Hunan, Guangxi, Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang, Sichuan, Hubei, Chongqing, Henan, Hebei, Anhui, Hainan, Jilin, Shanxi, Jiangxi, Guizhou and Xinjiang. The following table shows the ranking of China’s 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government by revenue from international tourism.
V. Inbound Tourist Arrivals and Revenue of Main Cities
——30 Chinese cities, five more than last year’s, received over 200,000 inbound tourists each, including Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Beijing, Zhuhai, Hangzhou, Suzhou, Guilin, Nanjing, Xi’an, Xiamen, Tianjin, Kunming, Qingdao, Zhongshan, Wuxi, Dalian, Quanzhou, Chongqing, Chengdu, Ningbo, Huangshan, Wuhan, Shenyang, Fuzhou, Wenzhou, Sanya, Zhengzhou, Harbin and Shantou. 14 cities received more than 100,000 inbound tourists each, including Changsha, Chengde, Yanbian, Yantai, Qinhuangdao, Urumqi, Weihai, Nantong, Haikou, Luoyang, Jinan, Changchun, Guiyang and Taiyuan.
——37 Chinese cities, an increase of three over the previous year, received more than 100,000 inbound foreign tourists each, including Shanghai, Beijing, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Hangzhou, Suzhou, Tianjin, Xi’an, Qingdao, Guilin, Dalian, Nanjing, Kunming, Chongqing, Wuxi, Xiamen, Zhuhai, Chengdu, Wuhan, Huangshan, Ningbo, Shenyang, Fuzhou, Yanbian, Wenzhou, Qinhuangdao, Weihai, Chengde, Yantai, Urumqi, Harbin, Sanya, Changsha, Zhongshan, Nantong, Zhengzhou and Luoyang.
——The number of cities with revenue from international tourism of more than USD100 million increased two to 28, including Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Hangzhou, Zhuhai, Suzhou, Nanjing, Xiamen, Tianjin, Qingdao, Xi’an, Dalian, Quanzhou, Fuzhou, Chongqing, Wuxi, Ningbo, Guilin, Zhongshan, Chengdu, Shenyang, Kunming, Wuhan, Changsha, Nantong, Yantai and Harbin. In addition, 9 cities posted revenue from international tourism of more than USD50 million, including Qinhuangdao, Huangshan, Zhengzhou, Wenzhou, Sanya, Weihai, Urumqi, Shantou and Changchun. The 28 tourist cities are ranked as follows by revenue from international tourism.
VI. Scale and Performance of Star-rated Hotels
In 2005, the overall scale and average occupancy rate of star-rated hotels both increased.
——By the end of 2005, there were 11,828 star-rated hotels across China, a year-on-year increase of 940, or 8.6%. They had a total of 1.3321 million guest rooms, an increase of 94,200, or 7.6%, over the previous year; and had 2.5717 million beds, an increase of 205,000, or 8.7%.
——By the end of 2005, star-rated hotels had fixed assets of RMB375.604 billion, up 16.4% year on year.
——In 2005, star-rated hotels had an average occupancy rate of 61.0%, up 0.3 percentage point compared to the previous year.
——They posted total business revenue of RMB134.669 billion, up 8.7% year on year; paid business tax of RMB7.716 billion, up 8.6%; and saw per capita labor productivity increase 3.6% to RMB88,800.
——The 5,528 state-owned star-rated hotels posted business revenue of RMB56.815 billion, paid business tax of RMB3.199 billion, and had per capita labor productivity of RMB82,200.
——The 570 star-rated hotels with foreign investments and investments from Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan registered business revenue of RMB25.745 billion, paid business tax of RMB1.41 billion, and had per capita labor productivity of RMB151,800.
——Among the 11,828 star-rated hotels, there were 281 five-star hotels, an increase of 39 year on year; 1,146 four-star hotels, an increase of 175; 4,291 three-star hotels, an increase of 377; 5,497 two-star hotels, an increase of 401; and 613 one-star hotels, a decrease of 52.
——The scale and business performance of star-rated hotels in 2005 are as follows.
VII. Scale and Performance of Travel Agencies
——By the end of 2005, China had 16,245 travel agencies, an increase of 1,318 year on year. Among them, there were 1,556 international travel agencies and 14,689 domestic travel agencies, an increase of 96 and 1,222 respectively.
——By the end of 2005, travel agencies in China had total assets of RMB41.926 billion, up 1.2% over the previous year; registered total revenue of RMB111.659 billion, an increase of 9.7%, and paid business tax of RMB812 million, up 16.8%.
——In the year, the international travel agencies helped to attract 9.3607 million inbound tourists who stayed a total of 39.8945 million days in China, up 12.1% and 13.9% year on year; 15.5253 million inbound tourists were received by travel agencies, and they stayed 43.6367 million days in China, up 13.7% and up 23.0% respectively.
——Travel agencies in China organized 62.1603 million domestic overnight visits lasting 203.4777 million days in total, up 8.5% and 65.1% year on year; and they received 80.8943 million domestic overnight visitors for a total of 173.50975 million days, down 16.1% and 4.5% respectively.
VIII. Outbound Tourism
In 2005, the outbound tourism market maintained good performance, with an increase in the number of tourist destinations, although the growth of outbound tourists slowed down a little bit.
——The number of outbound tourists reached 31.0263 million, up 7.5% year on year. Among them, 5.8863 million people went abroad on business trips, up 0.2%, and 25.14 million for private purposes, up 9.4%. The top ten destinations by number of Chinese tourists were Hong Kong, Macau, Japan, Vietnam, South Korea, Russia, Thailand, the United States, Singapore, and Malaysia.
——6.7969 million outbound tourists were organized by travel agencies, an increase of 1.2109 million, or 21.7%, year on year. Among them, there were 3.1267 million visitors to foreign countries, up 18.6%, and 3.6702 million to Hong Kong and Macau, up 24.4%. The number of tourists to bordering countries plunged 54.7% to 403,400.
——By the end of 2005, 74 countries and regions, in addition to Hong Kong and Macau, had been tourist destinations of Chinese citizens. They are listed as follows in chronological order: Thailand, Singapore, the Philippines, South Korea, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, Vietnam, Cambodia, Myanmar, Brunei, Malta, Indonesia, Turkey, Egypt, Nepal, Germany, India, Maldives, Sri Lanka, South Africa, Croatia, Hungary, Pakistan, Cuba, Greece, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Portugal, Spain, Italy, Austria, Finland, Sweden, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovenia, Slovakia, Cyprus, Denmark, Iceland, Ireland, Norway, Romania, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Ethiopia, Zambia, Tanzania, Mauritius, Tunisia, Seychelles, Kenya, Zambia, Jordan, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Fiji, Vanuatu, the United Kingdom, Chile, Jamaica, Russia, Brazil, Mexico, Peru, Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, and Laos.
——In 2005, 13.5254 million mainland tourists went to Hong Kong as their first destination, an increase of 4.0% year on year; 8.4792 million to Macau, up 13.2%; 595,500 to Thailand, down 12.7%; 477,200 to Singapore, up 11.2%; 354,700 to Malaysia, up 5.2%; 119,100 to the Philippines, up 16.5%; 843,300 million to South Korea, up 21.0%; 318,000 to Australia, up 16.0%; 57,500 to New Zealand, down 6.9%; 1.117 million to Japan, up 9.4%; 845,000 to Vietnam, up 7.5%; 44,800 to Cambodia, up 36.6%; 263,600 to Myanmar, up 5.5%; 1,800 to Brunei, down 12.3%; 800 to Malta, down 58.6%; 14,200 to Turkey, up 23.5%; 12,800 to Egypt, up 24.6%; 19,800 to Nepal, up 56.9%; 229,700 to Germany, up 3.1%; 34,200 to India, up 45.1%; 2,400 to Maldives, down 58.4%; 4,100 to Sri Lanka, up 51.7%; 33,100 to South Africa, down 5.8%; 500 to Croatia, an increase of 50.4%; 17,900 to Hungary, up 82.5%; 26,800 to Pakistan, up 17.7%; and 4,700 to Cuba, up 148.3%.
IX. Tourism Education and Training
——By the end of 2005, China had 693 higher tourism education institutions and general higher education institutions with tourism departments/majors, an increase of 119 over the previous year, and they had 308,400 students in total, an increase of 33,700; there were 643 secondary tourism schools with a total of 258,100 students, a decrease of 96 and 45,800 respectively. Together, there were 1,336 institutions that provided higher and secondary tourism education for 566,500 students.
——In 2005, 2.6718 million people working in the tourism industry received on-the-job training, an increase of 223,300, or 9.1%, over the previous year.